School Violence School violence is a major problem around the world. The effects of school violence can lead to division and severe mental and physical trauma for both perpetrators and victims alike. The main cause of school violence is a combination of weak community relations and a lack of a firm hand within both schools and communities. To effectively deal with the issue, both of these need addressing.
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract The purpose of the Youth Violence Prevention Centers YVPC Program at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is to reduce youth violence in defined high-risk communities through the implementation and evaluation of comprehensive, evidence based prevention strategies.
Within this common framework, each YVPC varies in its structure and methods, however all engage communities in multiple ways. We explore aspects of community engagement employed by three centers that operate in very different contexts: While previous research has addressed theories supporting community involvement in youth violence prevention, there has been less attention to the implementation challenges of achieving and sustaining participation.
In three case examples, we describe the foci and methods for community engagement in diverse YVPC sites and detail the barriers and facilitating factors that have influenced implementation.
Just as intervention programs may need to be adapted in order to meet the needs of specific populations, methods of community engagement must be tailored to the context in which they occur. We discuss case examples of community engagement in areas with varying geographies, histories, and racial and ethnic compositions.
Each setting presents distinct challenges and opportunities for conducting collaborative violence prevention initiatives and for adapting engagement methods to diverse communities. Although approaches may vary depending upon local contexts, there are certain principles that appear to be common across cultures and geography: We also discuss the importance of flexibility in community engagement efforts.
Department of Health and Human Services, Within this common framework, the structure and methods of each YVPC varies; however all engage communities in multiple ways. The geographic areas served by the three YVPCs described in this article differ in size, population, and racial and ethnic composition.
Originally designed as a suburban enclave within the city, this neighborhood is home to large Hispanic and African American populations.
Every YVPC is expected to collaborate with community partners and local organizations. Beyond this requirement, however, the extent and form of community engagement activities are within the discretion of the grantees, allowing each site to tailor its approaches to the unique needs and histories of its localities and the focus of its intervention strategies.
As a result, each of the Centers described in this article employs an array of methods for community engagement in keeping with its discrete context and goals. These include strategies to engage local organizations, adult residents, and youth. The purpose of this paper is to describe the practical dynamics of implementing community engagement in youth violence prevention efforts and illustrate how they relate to principles outlined in the literature on effective community-academic partnerships.
This entails bringing together individuals and organizations that may not typically collaborate e.
Additionally, there may be legacies of mistrust among community members and institutions to overcome Griffith et al. Identifying and addressing these barriers is important because several theoretical frameworks indicate that community engagement and cohesion are critical components of youth violence prevention strategies.
Previous research has documented that particular aspects of social organization e. Neighborhood contexts are shaped by community norms and values that influence behavior Sampson et al.
Additionally, while specific violent acts involve individuals, the presence of violence affects entire communities on multiple levels: Thus, those affected by community violence have much to gain or lose from youth violence interventions and may contribute to crafting solutions by sharing their first-hand knowledge and experiences.
Over the past two decades there has been increasing interest in the potential of forming community partnerships to address complex public health issues. While there are variations in the principles and practices outlined in the literature, several common themes emerge.
Multiple authors identify trust, transparency, communication and commitment as critical values underlying successful partnerships Baker et al. Many of the specific recommendations articulated in the literature fall within these four broad categories. Trust is enhanced by transparency, which includes being clear about the extent and nature of community involvement, and acknowledging and respecting different agendas among partners Baker et al.
Other aspects of transparency include agreeing on roles, norms and processes for partnerships using input from all partners and developing common missions, goals and outcomes Green et al.
Multiple authors address aspects of communication that are critical to maintaining successful partnerships. Clear communication is of particular importance as partnerships mature and transition to new stages Baker et al.
While trust, transparency and communication are essential to establishing community-academic partnerships, commitment is a key component in achieving their sustainability.
Commitment may be expressed through building on identified strengths and assets within a community and by using existing structures, such as schools and worksites, to implement partnership strategies Green et al.While it is important to remember these high-profile incidents are rare and schools remain one of the safest places for children, school districts need to do everything complex problem of school safety and school violence.
School board members, administrators and Protecting Ohio Schoolchildren: An OSA uide to School Safety and Security. School violence is a major problem around the world. The effects of school violence can lead to division and severe mental and physical trauma for both perpetrators and victims alike.
The main cause of school violence is a combination of weak community relations and a lack of a firm hand within both schools and communities. Violence - Addressing the Problem of Bullying in Schools My Account. Essay on Addressing the Problem of Bullying in Schools This paper purports to illustrate how, despite efforts made to rectify the situation, bullying still remains rampant, and is getting worse.
especially in middle and junior high schools (Coy). Jun 22, · Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays.
Updated on February 20, Virginia Kearney.
The mission of the Gender Violence Program (the “Program”) is to engage students in changing laws and policies that have allowed violence against women to continue unabated. To this end, the research and law reform program. Dec 14, · Bullying and Violence in Public Schools Although bullying has always been a problem in schools, it has more recently become a bigger crisis with vicious consequences. “However it is defined, bullying is not just child’s play, but a terrifying experience many schoolchildren face everyday. Graziano () hypothesized that there is a continuum, ranging from low to high violence. On one end are extremely violent acts that almost anyone would agree constitute physical abuse, such as those that result in death or permanent injury.
Should high schools offer a technical track for students to get job-ready rather than force everyone to take college prep courses? A great way to start any problem essay is to give a story about someone experiencing the problem Reviews: Feb 06, · To determine how this problem is adversely affecting nursing practices, this paper provides a review of the literature concerning workplace violence and nurses, how this problem could be solved if resources and cooperation were unlimited and a discussion concerning how other professions have addressed this problem.
Graziano () hypothesized that there is a continuum, ranging from low to high violence. On one end are extremely violent acts that almost anyone would agree constitute physical abuse, such as those that result in death or permanent injury.