World Population Awareness Why Population Matters Having one fewer child is the most effective way an individual would have to fight climate change. The next best actions are selling your car, avoiding long flights, and eating a vegetarian diet, according to a study published in Environmental Research Letters.
Additional Information In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Largely as a result, scarcities of renewable resources will increase sharply. The total area of high-quality agricultural land will drop, as will the extent of forests and the number of species they sustain.
Coming generations will also see the widespread depletion and degradation of aquifers, rivers, and other water resources; the decline of many fisheries; and perhaps significant climate change. I have previously surveyed the issues and evidence surrounding this question and proposed an agenda for further research.
The article continues with an account of empirical evidence for and against the revised hypotheses, and it concludes with an assessment of the implications of environmentally induced conflict for international security.
From tohe was co-director and lead researcher of the Project on Environmental Change and Acute Conflict. Foreign Policy Association, The three-year Project on Environmental Change and Acute Conflictbrought together a team of thirty researchers from ten countries.
These conflicts are probably the early signs of an upsurge of violence in the coming decades that will be induced or aggravated by scarcity. The violence will usually be sub-national, persistent, and diffuse. Poor societies will be particularly affected since they are less able to buffer themselves from environmental scarcities and the social crises they cause.
These societies are, in fact, already suffering acute hardship from shortages of water, forests, and especially fertile land. Social conflict is not always a bad thing: But fast-moving, unpredictable, and complex environmental problems can overwhelm efforts at constructive social reform.
Moreover, scarcity can sharply increase demands on key institutionssuch as the state, while it simultaneously reduces their capacity to meet those demands. These pressures increase the chance that the state will either fragment or become more authoritarian. The negative effects of severe environmental scarcity are therefore likely to outweigh the positive.
General Findings Our research was intended to provide a foundation for further work. We therefore focused on two key preliminary questions: And, if it does, how does it operate? The research was structured as I proposed in my previous article.
Six types of environmental change were identified as plausible causes of violent intergroup conflict: You are not currently authenticated. View freely available titles:From to , the Project on Environmental Scarcity, State Capacity, and Civil Violence, undertaken with the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, focused on the links between environmental stress and weakened states in poor countries.
Thomas Homer-Dixon's "Environment, Scarcity and Violence" offers a scholarly analysis of the role environmental scarcity plays in spawning violent human conflicts.
The author uses social science research methodology to isolate the independent variable of environmental scarcity in order to study the ways it may or may not contribute to violence/5(7). Environment, Scarcity, and Violence.
Thomas Homer-Dixon argues in this sobering book that these environmental scarcities will have profound social consequences--contributing to insurrections, ethnic clashes, urban unrest, and other forms of civil violence, especially in the developing world. Gizewski, P. & Homer-Dixon, T. ().
Environmental scarcity and violent conflict: The case of Pakistan (Occasional Paper. Environmental scarcity and violent conflict: The case of Pakistan (Occasional Paper.
Having one fewer child is the most effective way an individual would have to fight climate change.
The next best actions are selling your car, avoiding long flights, and eating a vegetarian diet, according to a study published in Environmental Research Letters. Portions of this article have been drawn from Thomas Homer-Dixon, Jeffrey Boutwell, and George Rathjens, ”Environmental Scarcity and Violent Conflict,” Scientific American, February ; and from Homer-Dixon, ”Environmental Scarcity and Global Security” Headline Series (New York: Foreign Policy Association, ).