Asa Gilbert Eddy m.
We will not expose here the universally recognized legends, but the last and most widespread myth that is still believed to be true: That Roma people reached Europe after a long journey that then began somewhere in India is a fact which does not imply that they came from their original homeland.
The whole hypothesis regarding their alleged Indo-European ethnicity is founded on a sole thing: Such theory does not take account of other more important cultural facts and evidences that show that Roma have nothing in common with Indian peoples besides some linguistic elements. If we have to take seriously any hypothesis that considers only language to determine a people's origin, then we must assume that almost all North-Africans came from Arabia, that Ashkenazim Jews are a German tribe, that Sephardic Jews were Spaniards belonging to a religious minority but not a different people, and so on.
Black American people do not even know what language their ancestors spoke, consequently they must be English. Definitely, language alone is not a sufficient basis to establish ethnic background, and all the other determinant facts are against the Indian origin of Roma - including also some clues in the Romany language itself.
The most relevant elements that persist in any people since the most remote past are of spiritual nature, that are manifested in their inner feelings, An essay on ecumenism and the disabled behaviours, subconscious memory, namely, their atavic heritage.
In this essay, I begin by exposing the myth before presenting the facts and the consequent hypothesis about the true origin of Roma. Many efforts have been done by scholars with the purpose of proving the Indian origin of Roma, and all of them failed one after another in providing convincing evidences.
Some accounts taken as references, like the stories written by Firdawsi, are now discredited. The only apparent similarity is the nomadic life and professions typical of any nomadic tribe, of any ethnic extraction.
All these idle results are the natural consequence of a research done according to wrong patterns: A recent theory that is having some success among the intellectual environment interested in the subject - and that is destined to be proven fallacious like all the preceding hypotheses - pretends to have discovered the original "city" from where Roma might have come: Kannauj, in Uttar Pradesh, India.
The author has anyway reached some valuable conclusions that discredit all the previous theories, yet following the same trace, a purely linguistic hint, missing the target.
Consequently, the author founds the entire argumentation on an alleged linguistic proof, that is quite insufficient to explain the Romany cultural features not related to language and that are undoubtedly much more relevant, and not any reliable evidence is given to support his theory.
In this essay, I will quote some assertions of the author, although replacing his strange and unsuitable way of writing Romany words with a more accurate and understandable transliteration - for example, the "rr" does not represent any Romany phoneme; the guttural "r" is better represented by "rh", though not all Romany dialects pronounce it, like the ethnonym "Rom" is uttered either "Rhom" or just "Rom".
Yet, the "h" is conventionally used to mark a complementary sound to a preceding consonant, and therefore, if graphic accents, circumflexes or other additional signs should be avoided, the "h" is the best complementary letter in many cases. Personally, I would prefer the Slovenian alphabet with some slight changes to better transliterate Romany language, but as graphic signs may not always be shown through the internet, I use the alternative system.
In exposing the above mentioned theory, I begin with a statement of the author that I consider right and with which I agree: The various nomadic groups labelled 'gypsies' with a small 'g' in India have no kinship or genetic connection to the Roma.
They acquired the label 'gypsies' from the British colonial police who, in the nineteenth century, called them that by analogy with the 'Gypsies' of England. In addition, they applied to them the same discriminatory rules as to the English 'Gypsies'.
Later on, most European researchers, convinced that nomadism or mobility is a basic feature of Romani identity, persisted in comparing the Roma with various nomadic tribes of India, without finding any real common features, because their research had been conditioned by their prejudices regarding nomadic groups".
This is true, researchers have taken pre-conceived patterns on which they founded their hypotheses. Nevertheless, the author is not exempt of having committed the same mistake.
From his own declaration emerge the following questions: Why there is not any single people in India related to Roma? Why the whole Roma emigrated, without leaving the slightest trace of themselves or some relatives?
There is only one possible answer: Only a religious minority may emigrate en-masse from a land in which most inhabitants are of their same ethnic stock.
And a religious minority in those times meant an "imported" belief, not generated within the Indo-Aryan realm. The alleged exile in Khorassan presented by the author as the reason by which Roma left India is groundless and fails in giving an explanation concerning the Roma's most ancestral beliefs and traditions, which are neither Indian nor muslim because Khorassan in those times was no longer Mazdeistbut I will deal with this topic later in this essay.
Anyway, the author unveils a myth in his following statement: This is exactly the case. Either they are in good faith or not, their claims are expressed within a nationalistic context and seem to have some political purpose.
The main so-called proof they give is that Arabs called Roma "Zott", that means "Jat", since they supposedly appeared in the Middle East. Sincerely, the Arab historians' accounts are slightly more reliable than the " Nights" concerning accuracy.Peace activist and spiritual leader Rabbi Arthur Waskow and activist and SDS vet Carl Davidson, joined Thorne Dreyer on Rag Radio, Friday, Oct.
28, , p.m. (CT), to discuss the life and legacy of Tom Hayden. Listen to the podcast here.
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A person with a disability is one who not able to do the major physical or mental function/s of life. In our society there are many handicapped, disabled or physically disabled people.
Some of them are physically born-handicapped and some others are mentally retarded. As a follow-up to Tuesday’s post about the majority-minority public schools in Oslo, the following brief account reports the latest statistics on the cultural enrichment of schools in Austria. Vienna is the most fully enriched location, and seems to be in roughly the same situation as Oslo.
Many thanks to Hermes for the translation from regardbouddhiste.com Scholarly online resource evidence and records for use by educators, faculty, family and local historians, genealogists, students and teachers. Jan 06, · Ecumenism seeks union on the basis of shared beliefs, of ‘Dialogue’ understood as a form of mouvement perpetuel, and of embraces.
It looks towards a merely earthly, or political, good. It looks towards a merely earthly, or political, good. Latest breaking news, including politics, crime and celebrity. Find stories, updates and expert opinion.