Additional radio communications about civilian vehicle traffic driving over the supply line. Fire Chief radios for E captain E-3 engineer radios that water is coming water supply established to L-5 Additional crews continued to arrive on-scene and contributed to the fire suppression efforts. Engine 13 began laying a supply line to L-5 at hours. The Fire Chief radioed dispatch to send Ladder 4 to the scene at hours.
Carter, Louisiana State University F. Uncertainties about future socioeconomic conditions as well as future climate changes can make it difficult to arrive at adaptation decisions now.
However, the pace and magnitude of projected change emphasize the need to be prepared for a wide range and intensity of climate impacts in the future.
Planning and managing based on the climate of the last century means that tolerances of some infrastructure and species will be exceeded. Adaptation considerations include local, state, regional, national, and international issues. For example, the implications of international arrangements need to be considered in the context of managing the Great Lakes, the Columbia River, and the Colorado River to deal with drought.
Such a mix of approaches will require cross-boundary coordination at multiple levels as operational agencies integrate adaptation planning into their programs. Adaptation actions can be implemented reactively, after changes in climate occur, or proactively, to prepare for projected changes.
This chapter highlights efforts at the federal, regional, state, tribal, and local levels, as well as initiatives in the corporate and non-governmental sectors to build adaptive capacity and resilience in response to climate change. While societal adaptation to climate variability is as old as civilization itself, the focus of this chapter is on preparing for unprecedented human-induced climate change through adaptation.
A map of illustrative adaptation activities and four detailed case examples that highlight ongoing adaptation activity across the U. Adjustment in natural or human systems to a new or changing environment that exploits beneficial opportunities or moderates negative effects.
The potential of a system to adjust to climate change including climate variability and extremes to moderate potential damages, take advantage of opportunities, and cope with the consequences.
Technological change and substitutions that reduce resource inputs and emissions per unit of output. Although several social, economic, and technological actions would reduce emissions, with respect to climate change, mitigation means implementing actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions or increase the amount of carbon dioxide absorbed and stored by natural and man-made carbon sinks see Ch.
Stress that originates from different sources that affect natural, managed, and socioeconomic systems and can cause impacts that are compounded and sometimes unexpected. An example would be when economic or market stress combines with drought to negatively impact farmers.
A capability to anticipate, prepare for, respond to, and recover from significant multi-hazard threats with minimum damage to social well-being, the economy, and the environment. A combination of the magnitude of the potential consequence s of climate change impact s and the likelihood that the consequence s will occur.
The degree to which a system is susceptible to, or unable to cope with, adverse effects of climate change, including climate variability and extremes. Vulnerability is a function of the character, magnitude, and rate of climate variation to which a system is exposed, its sensitivity, and its adaptive capacity.
Copy link to clipboard Key Message 1 Substantial adaptation planning is occurring in the public and private sectors and at all levels of government; however, few measures have been implemented and those that have appear to be incremental changes.
An in-person meeting was held in Washington, D. Meeting discussions were followed by expert deliberation of draft key messages by the authors and targeted consultation with additional experts by the lead author of each key message. Consensus was reached on all key messages and supporting text.
Description of evidence base The key message and supporting text summarize extensive evidence documented in the peer-reviewed literature as well as the more than technical inputs received and reviewed as part of the Federal Register Notice solicitation for public input.The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is an intergovernmental body of the United Nations, dedicated to providing the world with an objective, scientific view of climate change and its political and economic impacts..
It was established in by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), and later endorsed by the United. Particular emphasis is placed on key data required for the assessment of long-lived radionuclide and other contaminant migration and accumulation in the biosphere, and the associated radiological impact, following release to the environment from solid waste disposal facilities and legacy sites.
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A report is made with the specific intention of relaying information or recounting certain events in a way that is concise, factual and relevant to the audience at hand.
EPA released the final report for the study of fracking's impact on drinking water in December Here you can find a summary of the report, the full report, some . Established in , FB Environmental is a consulting firm that specializes in directing environmental assessment, monitoring, mapping, and restoration projects for a diverse array of clients.
Assessment report EMA// Page 4/ List of abbreviations 1L first-line treatment 2L second-line treatment 2L+ ≥ second-line treatment.