Biometric handwriting analysis

Definitions Biometrics Consortium Biometrics, as defined by the Biometrics Consortium, are "automated methods of recognizing a person based on a physiological or behavioral characteristic. Among the features measured are; face, fingerprints, hand geometry, handwriting, iris, retinal, vein, and voice. Biometric technologies are becoming the foundation of an extensive array of highly secure identification and personal verification solutions. As the level of security breaches and transaction fraud increases, the need for highly secure identification and personal verification technologies is becoming apparent.

Biometric handwriting analysis

Biometric devices which test such uniqueness are gainning popularity in many technologies which regulate sensitive materials or access controls. Most systems are based on a 3D analysis of a writing sample which takes into account pressure and form of script.

Dynamic signature recognition is a behavioral authentication method used to recognize an individual's handwritten signature. This technology actually measures how a signature is signed by treating the signature as a series of movements that contain unique biometric data, such as rhythm, acceleration, pressure, and flow.

The signature is captured when a person signs his or her name on a digitized graphics tablet, biometric handwriting analysis can be attached to a computer or part of a Biometric handwriting analysis. The signature dynamics information is encrypted and compressed into a template.

Dynamic signature recognition technology can also track a person's natural signature fluctuations over time. Dynamic signature recognition systems are different from electronic signature capture systems, which treat the signature as a graphic image.

Electronic signature capture systems are commonly used by merchants to capture electronic signatures in the authorization of credit card transactions.

Keystroke Recognition-- Keystroke recognition requires no additional hardware with which to read, scan, view, record, or otherwise interrogate the requesting user because every computer is equipped with a keyboard.

To authenticate an individual, keystroke recognition relies solely on software, which can reside on the client or host system. To create an enrollment template, the individual must type his or her user name and password a number of times.

Best results are obtained if enrollment occurs over a period of time rather than at one sitting: With keystroke recognition, a user must type without making any corrections.

If keystroke errors are made, the system will prompt the user to start over.

biometric handwriting analysis

Some of the distinctive characteristics measured by keystroke recognition systems are: The length of time each key is held down The length of time between keystrokes Typing speed Tendencies to switch between a numeric keypad and keyboard numbers The keystroke sequences involved in capitalization.

Each individual characteristic is measured and stored as a unique template. Some systems authenticate only at sign-on, whereas others continue to monitor the user throughout the session. As in other biometrics, the user's keystroke sample is compared with the stored template, and access is granted if the submitted sample matches the template according to preestablished probabilities.

If the keystroke recognition software is used as one factor in a two-factor authentication system, it can be an effective layer of security. Keystroke recognition is not considered an effective single-factor authentication technique because hand injuries, fatigue, variations in temperature that affect physical actions, arthritis, and other conditions can affect authentication effectiveness.

Also, since keystroke recognition is a relatively new biometric technology, reliable information concerning its effectiveness is not as available as with fingerprint recognition.

Biometric user authentication for IT security : from fundamentals to handwriting - JH Libraries

Keystroke recognition biometrics is generally considered to be the easiest biometric technology to implement and use. No hardware is involved. Software may be installed on the client or host. Because authentication is based on normal keyboard entry, individuals need only type the prescribed text to be authenticated.

Hand Geometry-- Hand geometry systems use an optical camera to capture two orthogonal twodimensional images of the palm and sides of the hand, offering a balance of reliability and relative ease of use. They typically collect more than 90 dimensional measurements, including finger width, height, and length; distances between joints; and knuckle shapes.

These systems rely on geometry and do not read fingerprints or palm prints. Although the basic shape and size of an individual's hand remains relatively stable, the shape and size of our hands are not highly distinctive.

The system is not well suited for performing one-to-many identification matches. Hand geometry readers can function in extreme temperatures and are not impacted by dirty hands as fingerprint sensors can be. Hand geometry devices are able to withstand wide changes in temperature and function in a dusty environment.

They are commonly used for access control to facilities, time clocks, or controlled areas. The large size of the actual hand geometry readers restricts their use in widespread applications such as those requiring a small user interfaces e.

Hand-geometry readers could be appropriate for multiple users or where users access the system infrequently and are perhaps less disciplined in their approach to the system. Today, organizations are using hand-geometry readers in various scenarios, primarily for physical access control and recording work time and attendance.

They are also used for the known traveler programs, such as the Transportation Security Administration's Registered Passenger Program, for streamlining airport security procedures for certain frequent travelers. Once the system has verified the biometric reading of the person identified on the card, it prints a receipt to prove immigration admittance.

The entire process takes a fraction of the time that would be required for an immigration inspector to manually review the traveler's credentials.Learn how handwriting analysis can tell the difference!

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You must be logged in to comment. Already have an account? Log In. GAIT Biometric Smart Cameras. Biometric identification: the pros and cons We continue to research new resources of behavior analysis: fitness trackers, ECG and EEG.

One of the main . Flynn, William J. (), Forensic and Biometric Handwriting Analysis of Electronic Digitally Captured Signatures Linda Mitchell is a forensic document examiner in private practice in Escondido, CA.

Keywords: Handwriting Analysis, Personality Traits, Biometric, Polygonalization, Rule-base.

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Handwriting Analysis or Graphology is a scientific method of identifying, evaluating and understanding personality through the strokes and patterns revealed by handwriting.

Among the many aspects of handwriting that can serve as. Forensic Handwriting & Document Examiners in San Diego, Phoenix, Tucson, Denver, Las Vegas and Albuquerque. Forensic science is the application of a broad spectrum of sciences to answer questions of interest to the legal system.

SIFS INDIA has a team of Qualified Forensic Experts, who have solved and given opinion on many cases like- Questioned Document examination, Handwriting analysis, Signature verification, Fingerprin.

Handwriting Recognition | HowStuffWorks