From Mass Emigration to Return Migration? November 24, By Brad D.
COHA Latin America is the most dangerous region in the world, and the situation is getting worse, a lot worse. According to a recent World Bank study, over the past two decades nearly every region in the world has grown safer or at least stayed the same, except, that is, Latin America.
In Europe it is nine. Mexico has an overall homicide rate of 22 murders perpeople per year, an elevated rate, although not as high as its neighbors. With the Caribbean passage under assault, the route shifted to Mexico. What followed was a sea of blood.
Stability, Predictability, and Corruption Law enforcement officials in Mexico have long been forced to make a choice offered to them by the cartels, plata silver or plomo lead —take a bribe or take a bullet. The cartels showed a willingness to put making money over killing people, for as violent as they Ecuador s era of political violence be, the drug lords understand that warfare is bad for business.
And this is what happened in Mexico. The rise of the trade in illegal drugs came during the long the reign of the Partido Revolucionario Institucional the Institutional Revolutionary Party or PRIwhich had consolidated its hold over Mexico and constructed a single-party state.
PRI had a long-standing propensity for bribe taking, and this characteristic proved an attractive asset in arranging things with the emerging cartels.
This arrangement seems to please both parties. Together, the PRI and the cartels created a business atmosphere that was more stable and predictable for the burgeoning trade in illegal drugs.
Under the PRI system the cartels were relatively well behaved. Now the drug lords had to hand out many more bribes, and the return on the money they laid out became much more uncertain. Rival illegal drug organizations returned to fighting over previously settled and PRI-backed cartel boundaries.
Mexico had six cartels ineight byand then broke apart into many more after that as fighting between cartels intensified. Corrupt officers weeded out during government crackdowns often become job applicants for full-time work for the very cartels for which they had previously worked part-time.
Meanwhile, the special units created to combat illegal drugs ended up, sooner or later, joining forces with the cartels. Arms Sales to Mexico Several other factors have contributed generously to the rising violence in Mexico.
One is the availability of firearms. The United States is by far the largest manufacturer of weapons in the world and is also the most active in the international trade in firearms. The tracing of weapons used in crimes reveals that 8 of 10 crime guns in Jamaica were purchased in Florida, while 9 of 10 in Mexico were purchased in U.
However, in California state-level restrictions remained in place after the expiration of the federal law. Today the Mexican cartels routinely load up on U.
The easy availability of U.
The Lack of Respect for the Rule of Law One key contributor to high levels of violence in Mexico and Latin America is the widespread lack of faith in the fairness and honesty of law enforcement and the criminal justice system.
Only about one in four crimes in Mexico are ever reported to the police, either because people have come to the conclusion that the police can never to trusted, or else because experience has taught them that contacting the authorities is just a waste of time.
Worse, only 7 percent of reported crimes in Mexico proceed on to court. Most cases never go on from there; overall, only about 3 percent of lawbreakers ever come to trial in Mexico. Many of these, of course, are not convicted. On the off chance that a violent criminal is convicted and actually sent to prison, it is relatively easy to escape.
On December 17, inmates broke out of the Nuevo Laredo prison, and then on July 15 the next year another 61 ran off from the same facility.But these reversals do not mark the Pink Tide’s end, nor a return to the infamous neoliberal era of last century that deepened economic inequality and contributed to harsh political repression.
Retired Col. Charles "Don" McFetridge’s time in Indonesia was enmeshed in arguments about the local military’s responsibility for violence, pitting policy goals against possibly inconvenient realities. from the Crucible of Suharto-era Violence. By Douglas thanks to Ecuador’s liberal open-border policy, but finding work here and.
For decades, Ecuador’s political parties have been largely personality based, clientelist, and fragile. The ruling PAIS coalition remains by far the largest party in the legislature. There were reports that the government abused administrative resources ahead of the . My country, Ecuador, recently found itself in the crossfire over a request for asylum from Edward Snowden, the former National Security Agency contractor at the center of a raging global controversy.
Following independence from Spain, Ecuador’s history unfolded with unbridled political warfare between liberals and conservatives. The turmoil frequently escalated to violence. The turmoil frequently escalated to violence. Violence in Mexico and Latin America February 21, April 15, COHA Latin America is the most dangerous region in the world, and the situation is getting worse, a lot worse.