Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Only 5 years old and by law too young to rule, his mother Anne of Austria became Queen Regent and appointed Cardinal Mazarin as chief minister. He insured that no new chief minister would replace Mazarin.
At the time he became king, France was financially ruined, politically corrupt, and divided between warring nobles and private armies and under the threat of riots from the people, especially in Paris. Absolutism is the system of rule that allows one or more rulers to maintain absolute power over everything in the land.
As absolute monarch, Louis XIV set about reforming the state politically, economically and culturally. Centralization- this meant that the monarchy was the center of everything. All decisions from the monarchy were undisputable and final.
All counties and villages were expected to follow this rule to create a united state and a centralized leadership. Colbert also supervised systematic attacks on corruption, removing, punishing, or paying off office holders.
He also introduced tax reforms — ending exemptions, tax-farming, and military collection of taxes — and state support for industry, science, trade, and the arts. As regards the operations of the state, Colbert raised government income to the point when it could pay for quite massive expenses.
Government subsidizing and directing of industry and manufacture increased productivity, raised wages, and brought France into the trade wars with the English and the Dutch. Under the theory of absolutism, sovereignty is grounded in God, not the people. The glory of the monarch is, as it were, the earthly point at which is expressed both the glory of the state — as a social whole ordered around and dependent upon the monarch — and the glory of God from whom the monarch derives power and role.
It was therefore important to show, through royal events and presentations, the state as personified by the king. Louis XIV understood that there can be no shared political allegiance without shared cultural values.
Thus a government, if it is to exercise its political authority in an area, must first make the region culturally homogeneous with the ruling nation.
Louis XIV undertook to replace the Catalan ethnic identity with the French one, mandating the foods, clothing, legal system, language, educational institutions, and religious traditions that should be used in the province.
They wished to maintain their own culture and laws and did not want to accept the monarchy as their ruler. Like all peasants, they were reluctant to pay taxes to the monarchy and many turned to smuggling as an alternative.
The Roussillonais had accepted France as their political rules but continued to conduct their legal, commercial, judicial, and religious business in the Catalan language, continued to dress as Catalans, to give their children Catalan names, and to celebrate traditional feasts.
They were quite firmly French in a political sense, and equally firmly Catalan in their culture. It was from this location that he ruled France for his entire reign.
The sun was both terrifying and awe inspiring, dazzling through its brightness, yet also warming and beneficent, and without its presence all life would whither away. Roussillon and France, Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 39,  Peter H.
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Louis XIV and Absolute Monarchism - Louis XIV and Absolute Monarchism Louis XIV (the fourteenth) was an absolute monarch. He was often called "the Sun King," and ruled over France. He devoted himself to helping France achieve economic, political, and .
A comparison and contrast between Charles I and Louis XIV King Louis XIV: Outstanding example of absolute monarch Aim to make himself supreme in Europe Stringent religious toleration (change the Huguenots) King Charles I: Devine right of Kings (monarch’s right to rule came from God) Conflicts with Parliament forced religion Wars There is an institution as old as the world: Monarchy .
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Kangxi vs. Louis XIV- Absolutism Absolute monarchy or absolutism means that the sovereign power or ultimate authority in the state rested in the hands of a king who claimed to rule by divine right.
Absolute Monarchy Comparison The three absolute monarchs that are being compared are Philip II of Spain, Queen Elizabeth I of England, and Louis XIV of France.
There are many things that are similar and many that are different in their rules.