Many college entrance exams in the early s were specific to each school and required candidates to travel to the school to take the tests. The College Boarda consortium of colleges in the northeastern United States, was formed in to establish a nationally administered, uniform set of essay tests based on the curricula of the boarding schools that typically provided graduates to the colleges of the Ivy League and Seven Sistersamong others. Terman in particular thought that such tests could identify an innate " intelligence quotient " IQ in a person.
Actually, there is such evidence. This link persisted even after the researchers factored in the possibility that more empathetic individuals might choose to read more novels.
Its disappearance would imperil the intellectual and emotional development of generations growing up online, as well as the perpetuation of a critical part of our culture: Although deep reading does not, strictly speaking, require a conventional book, the built-in limits of the printed page are uniquely conducive to the deep reading experience.
That immersion is supported by the way the brain handles language rich in detail, allusion and metaphor: The emotional situations and moral dilemmas that are the stuff of literature are also vigorous exercise for the brain, propelling us inside the heads of fictional characters and even, studies suggest, increasing our real-life capacity for empathy.
Although we call the activity by the same name, the deep reading of books and the information-driven reading we do on the Web are very different, both in the experience they produce and in the capacities they develop.
Those who read only onscreen were three times less likely to say they enjoy reading very much and a third less likely to have a favorite book. The study also found that young people who read daily only onscreen were nearly two times less likely to be above-average readers than those who read daily in print or both in print and onscreen.
The Story and Science of the Reading Brain. Unlike the ability to understand and produce spoken language, which under normal circumstances will unfold according to a program dictated by our genes, the ability to read must be painstakingly acquired by each individual.
The deep reader, protected from distractions and attuned to the nuances of language, enters a state that psychologist Victor Nell, in a study of the psychology of pleasure reading, likens to a hypnotic trance. Nell found that when readers are enjoying the experience the most, the pace of their reading actually slows.
The combination of fast, fluent decoding of words and slow, unhurried progress on the page gives deep readers time to enrich their reading with reflection, analysis, and their own memories and opinions.
It gives them time to establish an intimate relationship with the author, the two of them engaged in an extended and ardent conversation like people falling in love.
Their reading is pragmatic and instrumental: And we will have deprived them of an elevating and enlightening experience that will enlarge them as people.Several people have asked me about this question from Cambridge IELTS 8. I wrote the essay below with the help of some of my students.
A few simple linking features are highlighted. Nowadays the way many people interact with each other has changed because of technology. In what ways has technology affected the types of .
reviews Center for Early Literacy Learning Carl J. Dunst Andrew Simkus Deborah W. Hamby Effects of Reading to Infants and Toddlers on Their Early Language Development The effects of reading to infants and toddlers were examined in a meta-analysis of six intervention studies including participants.
A lecture explaining why using our imaginations, and providing for others to use theirs, is an obligation for all citizens. Authors condemn £4m library fund as a ‘sop’ and a ‘whitewash’. Jun 03, · Reading Literature Makes Us Smarter and Nicer "Deep reading" is vigorous exercise from the brain and increases our real-life capacity for empathy.
Reading and its Effects on Development Over the years the attention focused on children from birth to three years has increased dramatically.
Actually, it was in the ’s that researchers began to believe that reading to infants would help to stimulate their growth and development. Jun 03, · Reading Literature Makes Us Smarter and Nicer "Deep reading" is vigorous exercise from the brain and increases our real-life capacity for empathy.