Nurture or something in between? Tamara Tomasic Everyone has a unique personality, a way of experiencing the world and participating in it that is all their own.
Understand what the nature—nurture debate is and why the problem fascinates us. Understand why nature—nurture questions are difficult to study empirically. Know the major research designs that can be used to study nature—nurture questions.
Appreciate the complexities of nature—nurture and why questions that seem simple turn out not to have simple answers. Introduction There are three related problems at the intersection of philosophy and science that are fundamental to our understanding of our relationship to the natural world: These great questions have a lot in common.
Everyone, even those without much knowledge of science or philosophy, has opinions about the answers to these questions that come simply from observing the world we live in.
Our feelings about our relationship with the physical and biological world often seem incomplete. We are in control of our actions in some ways, but at the mercy of our bodies in others; it feels obvious that our consciousness is some kind of creation of our physical brains, at the same time we sense that our awareness must go beyond just the physical.
We are so concerned with nature—nurture because our very sense of moral character seems to depend on it.
In fact, even the great violinist might have some inborn qualities—perfect pitch, or long, nimble fingers—that support and reward her hard work. And the basketball player might have eaten a diet while growing up that promoted his genetic tendency for being tall.
When we think about our own qualities, they seem under our control in some respects, yet beyond our control in others. What about how much we drink or worry?
What about our honesty, or religiosity, or sexual orientation? They all come from that uncertain zone, neither fixed by nature nor totally under our own control. Researchers have learned a great deal about the nature-nurture dynamic by working with animals. But of course many of the techniques used to study animals cannot be applied to people.
Separating these two influences in human subjects is a greater research challenge. In nonhuman animals, there are relatively straightforward experiments for tackling nature—nurture questions. Say, for example, you are interested in aggressiveness in dogs. You want to test for the more important determinant of aggression: You could mate two aggressive dogs—angry Chihuahuas—together, and mate two nonaggressive dogs—happy beagles—together, then switch half the puppies from each litter between the different sets of parents to raise.
You would then have puppies born to aggressive parents the Chihuahuas but being raised by nonaggressive parents the Beaglesand vice versa, in litters that mirror each other in puppy distribution. The big questions are: Would the Chihuahua parents raise aggressive beagle puppies?
Would the beagle parents raise nonaggressive Chihuahua puppies? In fact, it is fairly easy to breed animals for behavioral traits. Nevertheless, despite our restrictions on setting up human-based experiments, we do see real-world examples of nature-nurture at work in the human sphere—though they only provide partial answers to our many questions.
The science of how genes and environments work together to influence behavior is called behavioral genetics. The easiest opportunity we have to observe this is the adoption study. When children are put up for adoption, the parents who give birth to them are no longer the parents who raise them.Start studying Chapter 3: Nature vs.
Nurture. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Give examples of differences and similarities within the human family. Similarities between the child and the biological relatives give clues to the influence of heredity. Similarities between the child and the regardbouddhiste.com · Discuss the similarities and differences in Piaget and Vygotsky's views on cognitive development from birth to adulthood.
Compare and Contrast Piaget and Vygotsky's Developmental Theories. He discusses the nature versus nurture philosophy. Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development Sensorimotor (Birth-2 years) Formation of concept of regardbouddhiste.com · Behavior Genetics and Evolutionary Psychology Source of similarities and differences • Similarities with other people such as developing a languag, showing similar emotions, following similar patterns in life Nature vs.
Nurture • Nature: • “In the actual race of life the determining factor regardbouddhiste.com 5 Behavior Genetics and. 6 Nature, Nurture, and Human Diversity Cultural Influences Culture and Child-Rearing Developmental Similarities Across Groups Gender Development Gender Similarities and Differences 7.
7 Nature, Nurture, and Human Diversity Gender Development The Nature of Gender The Nurture of Gender Reflections on Nature and Nurtureregardbouddhiste.com Nature refers to traits and characteristics that are inherited or genetic in origin, while nurture refers to traits and qualities that are learned by organisms as they grow.
The terms "nature" and "nurture" consist of many different subcategories in the field of psychology. These categories fall.
The science of nature and nurture has demonstrated that genetic differences among people are vital to human moral equality, freedom, and self-determination, not opposed to them.
As Mordecai Kaplan said about the role of the past in Jewish theology, genetics gets a vote, not a veto, in the determination of human regardbouddhiste.com://regardbouddhiste.com