Messenger As the new school year begins, many families are deciding where to enrol their child in preschool or school. Preschools and schools offer various approaches to early education, all promoting the benefits of their particular programs. One approach gaining momentum in the early years of primary school curriculum is play-based learning.
Children possess a natural curiosity to explore and play acts as a medium to do so. Play must have no extrinsic goals; there is no prescribed learning that must occur. Play is spontaneous and voluntary. Play involves active engagement on the part of the player. Play involves an element of make-believe.
Definitions of play Creativity Role play and pretend play involves creativity, such as: Play can also be creative when the player constructs building blocks, uses paint or uses different materials to build an object.
Creativity is not about the end product, but the process of the play scenario. Imagination Imagination is used during play when the person involved creates images in their minds to do with their feelings, thoughts and ideas.
The person then uses these images in their play. Play is active, child-initiated, process oriented, intrinsicepisodicrule-governed, and symbolic. Play is mostly a self-chosen activity by the child, rather than prescribed by a parent or teacher; it is a process, rather than a predicted outcome or product.
Work, on the other hand, has a definite intent and a prescribed outcome.
In order for an activity to be considered play, the experience must include a measure of inner control, ability to bend or invent reality, and a strong internally based motivation for playing. If parents and educators try to label experiences as play, but in reality have specific requirements for the activity, then it becomes work not play.
For example, it is really impossible to play with flash cards whose purpose is to have a child memorize something on each card. This is not playing and children quickly differentiate between pure play and work being disguised as play.
Researchers may choose definitions of play or work based on: Parents from different cultures define children's actions of work and play differently. A child in the United States who sets up a lemonade stand is considered to be working for money.
Children have different ideas of what play and work are in comparison to adults. Classical, modern and contemporary perspectives[ edit ] There are three main groups of play theories: Herbert Spencer suggests that play is a mechanism that allows humans to expend excess energy not required for survival; this can be achieved by children through play.
Modern theories examine play from the perspective of how it impacts a child's development. Theorist John Dewey suggests that children learn best by both physical and intellectual activity; in other words, children need to take an active role in play.
Contemporary theories focus on the relationship of play to diversity and social justice in daily living and knowledge.
Children learn social and cultural contexts through their daily living experiences.
‘They are not just playing’ – The Importance of Play Based Learning in Early Childhood [Guest Post] This week on the blog, Early Childhood Teacher, mother and blogger over at Teacher Types, Lauren Hunt is sharing her view on the importance of play in Early Childhood and gives some great examples of how to incorporate play in various. Early childhood education: Importance of learning through play. a play-based approach to all learning in early childhood education has gained traction as an appropriate and effective way to. Importance of Play in Early Childhood Education SHARE. Learning occurs in all areas of development as young children play—and the learning, too, is for keeps. This statement recognizes the tremendous importance to a young child of having exciting objects to hold and listen to and feel and manipulate. And, as young children struggle .
The Zone of Proximal Development concept, developed by Lev Vygotskysuggests that children require activities that support past learning and encourage new learning at a slightly-more-difficult level.
Vygotsky believed that social engagement and collaboration with others are powerful forces which transform children's thinking. Urie Bronfenbrenner states that a child's development is influenced by both the person and the environment which includes family, community, culture and the broader society.
Cultural values of the Yucatec Maya[ edit ] The way that children learn through play is culturally specific "as result of differences in childrearing beliefs, values, and practices.
Most western cultures would agree with the previously described definition of play where play is enjoyable, have no extrinsic goals, no prescribed learning that must occur, is spontaneous and voluntary, involves active engagement on the part of the player, involves an element of make-believe.
For example, the Yucatec Maya do not have emotional aspects in make-believe play, and most of their play is reality based. Yucatec Maya commonly learn through "Intent Community Participation," an approach different from that commonly found among middle class European American families.
Unlike children from the U. Pretend play is considered a form of lying because children are not representing something that actually happens.
For example, a Mayan mother told an ethnographer that she would "tolerate" her child pretending that the leaves in the bowl was a form of food. For example, children go through the steps of making tortillas, weaving, and cleaning clothing.
This relates to not having Age Segregation. Unlike children of the industrialized middle-class who play mainly with children of the same age, The Yucatec Mayan children engage with all ages, exploring activities of daily life. Different cultures and communities encourage children to play in different ways.
For instance, some cultures may prevent parents from joining in play, prohibit children from receiving toys, or may expect children to play in mixed age groups away from adults.Early childhood education: Importance of learning through play. a play-based approach to all learning in early childhood education has gained traction as an appropriate and effective way to.
Explore key early childhood topics such Developmentally Appropriate Practice, play, and math. Blog Stay up-to-date on issues in early childhood education and hear perspectives from a wide range of educators.
The Power of Play There has been an abundance of research around play and its positive effects on early childhood learning and development. In general, research shows strong links between creative play and language, physical, cognitive, and social development. ‘They are not just playing’ – The Importance of Play Based Learning in Early Childhood [Guest Post] This week on the blog, Early Childhood Teacher, mother and blogger over at Teacher Types, Lauren Hunt is sharing her view on the importance of play in Early Childhood and gives some great examples of how to incorporate play in various.
Play contributes to developing the whole child. Through play a child's creativity, physical and cognitive abilities are refined and strengthened. Using play as a tool to teach in the early childhood classroom will bring a wholistic approach to the content and will help develop every part of each child.
The Power of Play There has been an abundance of research around play and its positive effects on early childhood learning and development. In general, research shows strong links between creative play and language, physical, cognitive, and social development.