Batik has somewhat revived at the turn of the 21st century, through the efforts of Indonesian fashion designers to innovate batik by incorporating new colours, fabrics, and patterns. Batik has become a fashion item for many Indonesians, and may be seen on shirts, dresses, or scarves for casual wear; it is a preferred replacement for jacket-and-tie at certain receptions. Traditional batik sarongs are still used in many occasions. It is produced in Malaysia with similar, but not identical, methods to those used in Indonesia.
These percentages are a rough estimation of the global warming effect of the food system. Because of the complexity of global warming science as well as the challenge of securing accurate estimations of emissions from these various sectors, this estimation is the best we can hope for.
While more research is certainly needed, in the meantime, we must begin to make policy changes to address what we do know: That our food system is a significant contributor to the global warming effect, and that we each can do something about it. The use of fossil fuels on farms, as well as in the manufacture of fertilizers and agricultural chemicals, contributes to the greenhouse gas emissions generated by the food sector.
F In the United States and Canada, half of all synthetic fertilizer is used for feed crops. F In the UK, the total is nearly 70 percent. F A major reason that beef, in particular, has such a large environmental impact is because, of all livestock, cattle are among the worst converters of grain to meat.
The real conversion ratio for beef, Roberts argues, should be even lower. He estimates that it takes "a full 20 pounds of grain to make a single pound of beef.
Rice cultivation is another, accounting for one-tenth of all agricultural emissions, according to the Stern Report. Ruminants digest through microbial, or "enteric" fermentation, which produces methane that is released by the animals through belching and, to a lesser degree, via flatulence.
Enteric fermentation accounts for one-quarter of the total emissions from the livestock sector. Land use changes, such as deforestation and desertification caused by over-pasturing livestock or growing feed crops, account for another F Industrial livestock production also generates greenhouse gasses due to the manner in which animal waste is managed.
Instead, waste is stored in huge pits euphemistically called "manure lagoons. F The sheer number of animals being raised for meat on the planet is another reason that livestock production accounts for nearly one-fifth of all global greenhouse gas emissions.
In10 billion livestock animals were slaughtered each year; today that number is 55 billion. F On the Land The bulk of the pressure on land around the globe, from precious wetlands in Indonesia to rainforests in Brazil, comes from the agricultural sector. With their destruction, carbon is released back into the atmosphere and the carbon cycle that keeps our climate in balance comes further unhinged.
The biggest driver behind these "land use changes," as the climate change folks call them, is the expansion of pasture for cattle, feed crops for livestock, and oil palm for processed foods and biofuels.
Brazil is the heart of rainforest destruction, mainly to meet demand for livestock grazing and feed. F The erosion and deterioration of soils on industrial farms also releases greenhouse gases into the atmosphere.
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By destroying the natural soil fertility and disturbing the soil through tillage, industrial farming also adds to the deterioration of soil and its carbon emissions. F On the Road: The Food Miles Question And what about the distance food travels to get to our plates? While total emissions from transportation contribute to Company of Heroes 2 is a real-time strategy video game developed by Relic Entertainment and published by Sega.
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Certain popular characters within a fictional universe (and sometimes in real life) get used in gratuitous and/or inappropriate ways purely to enhance marketing. The Northern Economy and Industrialization Two ways the U.S. changed between and = size & population Beginning of industrialization Another way that the U.S.
changed from to = economy The Union blockade limited industrialization in the South during the Civil War. “The rapid shift from an agrarian to industrial economy and the growth of the business sector, with their attendant social and economic dislocations, spurred the development of a powerful ideology in which private and public spheres were considered antithetical.”.
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