Writing a scientific paper introduction

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Writing a scientific paper introduction

Footnote Toads and rats are both vertebrates of similar size. Their physiology, however, is quite different, as toads are ectothermic and rats are endothermic Campbell et al. Toads regulate their body temperature through behaviour.

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Rats have a high metabolic rate. They maintain their body temperature at 37 degrees Celsius. In this study, the anatomy of the toad and rat were investigated. Background to the experiment. Technical words are not defined. How does this information relate to the previous information?

The presentation of information in the introduction needs to be building the case for defining the gap in the research this study aims to fill. Although the aim of the research is outlined here, the reason for making this comparison has not been established.

writing a scientific paper introduction

The hypothesis or expected result of the research has also not been stated. Adapted from Dr Wendy Russell, BiologyUniversity of Wollongong A example of a good introduction to an Engineering scientific report Advanced ceramic materials such as zirconia have great potential as substitutes for traditional materials in many engineering applications; however, problems such as difficulties in producing products of reliable and consistent quality and high manufacturing costs have thus far restricted their use by engineers.

Difficulties in achieving reliable and consistent quality stem largely from the formation of thermal gradients that often occurs during conventional sintering processes.

writing a scientific paper introduction

Slow, controlled heating and cooling rates have been used to solve this problem. While this solution facilitates the manufacture of high quality components, it does so at the expense of production rate, and deterioration of the mechanical properties of the ceramic because of an increase in grain size.

This solution, therefore, achieves quality at the expense of an economical production rate. Recently, interest has been growing in alternative sintering techniques that could overcome the problem of thermal gradients more economically.

One of the most promising is the use of microwaves to sinter ceramic compacts. Microwave sintering has many attractive features, including rapid volumetric heating and low cost.

It may have other advantages as well, as there is some evidence that the mechanical properties of microwave-sintered ceramics are superior to those of conventionally-sintered eramics. This superiority has been largely attributed to the smaller grain sizes resulting from the short, rapid sintering cycle.

Until now, there has been no report of any systematic study of the microstructures produced by microwave sintering, or their relationship to the properties of the sintered product. The aims of this project were to compare the resultant properties and microstructure with material sintered by conventional constant heating rate rocesses.

The relationships between density and grain size were studied. The effects of heating rate and yttria content were also investigated. It was predicted that yttria content of ceramics sintered onventionally or by microwave would not differ.Students who have faced some difficulties in writing their academic papers may contact our writing experts to get entire information how to write scientific papers.

A scientific paper is a paper that is written for scientists by scientists - or, in case of student writers, for scientists by student scientists. Have you ever struggled to write up your results into a publishable paper only to get it rejected? Richard Threlfall, Managing Editor, Asian Journal of Organic Chemistry, gives some insider tips on how to improve each section of your article and increase your chances of getting published.


Writing in Different Genres

An ideal scientific introduction will do these things: Provide the research context for the problem/question being addressed. State and explain the problem/issue in specific terms; how this part will fill in the missing brick in the wall of research already done.

When you write about scientific topics to specialists in a particular scientific field, we call that scientific writing. (When you write to non-specialists about scientific topics, we call that science writing.) The scientific paper has developed over the . The introduction summarizes the relevant literature so that the reader will understand why you were interested in the question you asked.

One to fo ur paragraphs should be enough. End with a sentence explaining the specific question you asked in this experiment. Robert S. Day, How to Write and Publish a Scientific Paper, 4th . a guide to writing scientific papers Scientific experiments are demanding, exciting endeavors, but, to have an impact, results must be communicated to others.

A research paper is a method of communication, an attempt to tell others about some specific data that you have gathered and what you think those data mean in the context of your .

Introductions and Conclusions for Scientific Papers | Guides